3 mau puke ʻo Henry Kamen maikaʻi loa

Aia nā lā ʻē e hana ma ke ʻano he Hispanicist hanohano. A ʻoiai ʻo kēia, makemake nā kāne Paul preston, Ian Gibson o ʻO Henry kamen koi lākou e hoʻomau i ka nānā ʻana i kahi moʻolelo, inā no nā makemake ʻē aʻe i kūlou i ka wahaheʻe, ka moʻolelo ʻeleʻele a i ʻole ka hoihoi ethnocentric, e hoʻopau loa ʻia.

Akā ʻoi aku ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ma o. No ka mea ma ʻō aku o nā moʻolelo hoihoi, nā makemake maʻalahi o ka lumi moe kūpono, a me nā ʻuhane mehana i ke alo o ke kuni kuni kolohe a nā mea hana ʻino loa, ʻaʻohe mea i ʻoi aku ma mua o kā lākou āpau.

Ma ka hihia o Ian Gibson, kona kuko no ka moʻomeheu Sepania a me nā moʻolelo e kālele nui ana i ka moʻokalaleo, i ka noʻeau, i kēlā huina o nā intrahistories e hana i kahi mosaic akamai o ka mea a Sepania. Paul preston neʻe ʻoi aku ia ma o ka mōʻaukala hou loa, me kahi kikoʻī a hoʻomālamalama mau i ka Kaua Kivila. He aha o ʻO Henry kamen e lilo ana ʻo ia i ka mōʻaukala anti-hoax. Ke kahaha nei me kāna ʻoʻoleʻa a me kāna palapala, ua wāwahi ʻo Kamen i nā moemoeā a me nā kuhi hewa o ka poʻe inaina i ka makahiki.

ʻO nā puke kiʻekiʻe ʻoluʻolu na Henry Kamen

Sepania a me Catalonia

ʻO ka holo nui loa, holo nui loa. Ma waho aʻe o ka honua, nā ideologues mai nā homelands hou a me nā mea ʻē aʻe, hiki ke lawe i ka manaʻo ʻo Catalonia kahi mokupuni ʻo Barataria i hoʻohiki ʻia iā Sancho (e like me nā quixote hou (e hana i nā mea e ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi no kāna Hispanicity), ʻo ka mea maopopo wale nō ka wā like o Catalonia me ke koena o nā lāhui o ka peninsula hui pū ʻia ma lalo o ka manaʻo Sepania, ʻo ia wale nō ka hōʻike.

I loko o kēia puke, lawe nui ka Hispanist nui ʻo Henry Kamen i ka pilina o ka mōʻaukala ma waena o Sepania a me kekahi o kāna mau mea i hoʻopaʻa ʻia, ʻo Catalonia, e kia ana i nā hanana i kū mai i ka makahiki 1714 a me nā kaʻao i haku ʻia e pili ana iā lākou. No ka mea, i loko o kāna mōʻaukala, ua lilo ʻo Catalonia i mea hōʻino ʻia no kekahi mau hana disinformation i paipai ʻia e ka poʻe i makemake ʻole e hoʻāʻo e hoʻomaopopo i ka wā i hala, a ua hoʻohuli hewa ʻia e nā ideologues, nā luna politika a me nā nūpepa nāna e hoʻokumu i kā lākou mau haʻiʻōlelo ma ka ʻike Not hilinaʻi loa.

No Kamen, ʻaʻole i haki a hoʻoliʻiliʻi ʻia ʻo Catalonia ma hope o Sepatemaba 11, 1714 - nona ke kolu o ka kenekulia i hoʻomanaʻo ʻia i kēia manawa - akā ua hoʻomau ʻia he wahi nui, waiwai a ulu hoʻi, ka ʻāina waiwai loa ma Sepania. Pēlā ʻo ia e wehewehe ai i kēia mau ʻaoʻao a no laila hoʻomanaʻo i ka poʻe i nalowale ʻekolu mau kenekulia i hala, nā kāne i kaʻana like i nā waiwai e like me ka hapa nui o Catalans i kēia lā: ka manaʻoʻiʻo i ka lokahi o Sepania, akā i ke ʻano a me ke ʻano ponoʻī. o ka poʻe Catalan.

Sepania a me Catalonia

ʻO ka mea hou o Sepania:

Inā loaʻa iā mākou ka nani, he mea hou nā mea āpau, kahi ʻaha kūkā ma muli o ka hoʻolaha ʻana o ka nui o Pangea ma waena o nā wai o ka honua. ʻO ke koena he mea no ka makemake, ka mōʻaukala, ka noʻonoʻo, nā hoihoi…. ʻoi aku ka manaʻo o ka lāhui. ʻOi aku, ka hihiʻo Sepania, i hoʻokumu ʻia ma ke ʻano he hui kanaka.

ʻAʻole hānau ʻia nā lāhui: ulu lākou a hana ʻia, kū lākou i nā hakakā a me nā manaʻolana a hoʻomau lākou i ka mahalo i ka wiwo ʻole o ko lākou lāhui. Ma kahi ʻano maoli, "hana" ʻia lākou, ʻaʻole no ka mea he mea wahaheʻe ʻia e ka wahaheʻe, akā no ka mea e ʻiʻini nei i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻoiai he mau manaʻo ʻokoʻa a me nā manaʻo hakakā i kōkua i ka hoʻokumu ʻana i kahi ʻāina.

ʻO kēia puke kahi kālailai o kekahi o kēlā mau manaʻo ʻē aʻe i kōkua i ka holo ʻana o ka manawa i ke ʻano o kā mākou ʻike no Sepania. Hoʻokomo pinepine ʻia nā hiʻohiʻona e nā ideology a me nā kekeʻe e pili pū me lākou, kahi e pono ai e hoʻomaopopo a wehewehe ʻia, ma mua o ka hōʻole ʻia.

ʻO ka mea hou o Sepania

ʻO ka Mad King a me nā mea pohihihi ʻē aʻe o Sepania aupuni

ʻIke mau kēlā me kēia mea kaulana o kona mōʻaukala i kāna kūlana kūikawā, kahi e hoʻokūpaʻa ai i kēlā hoʻopaʻa paʻa ʻana, makemake nui e wehe i nā nooks a me nā mōʻī a hiki i ka hoʻopakele ʻana i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻoi loa. I ka hihia o Henry Kamen, ʻano like ʻo Charles II.

Hoʻopuni ʻia nā hanana he nui i hala e ka mea pohihihi a me ka hoʻokalakupua. ʻAʻohe wehewehe i kākau ʻia no lākou a ua iho mai lākou iā mākou i wahī ʻia i ka halo o ka moʻolelo. I loko o kēia puke, hōʻike mai ka mea Hepanani nui ʻo Henry Kamen iā mākou i kahi ala ʻoluʻolu loa i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ma hope o nā kaʻao he nui a me nā mea hiki ʻole ke wehewehe ʻia i hana ʻia ma Sepania i ka wā gula o ka Emepaea.

No ke aha i loaʻa ai ka inoa Pelekane i kahi kūlana kaulana e like me kahi ʻoihana weliweli ke ʻano weliweli ʻole kāna hana e like me nā ʻāina ʻē aʻe? No ke aha i loaʻa ai kahi ʻāina i loaʻa i ka waiwai palena ʻole o ʻAmelika i loko o ka luʻuluʻu. No ke aha ʻo Charles II, ke mōʻī hope loa o ka moʻokūʻauhau ʻo Habsburg, i hoʻopau i kahi kaulana me he "kilokilo"? ʻO wai ke aliʻi huhū?

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