Mabuku 3 abwino kwambiri a Ramón María del Valle-Inclán

Panali nthawi ku Spain pomwe bohemia kwenikweni inali mabuku ndipo zolemba zinali mtundu wabwino kwambiri wa bohemia. Chifukwa m'masiku amenewo bohemian anali kwenikweni yemwe sanali woyenerana ndi zowona, pomaliza pofotokozera m'mabuku kuti chilengedwe chonse cha iwo omwe amawakonda pofotokoza zakusakondwa ndikudzipereka kulumikizana kwachilendo pakati pa hedonism ndi nihilism.

Ndipo ndi komwe Ramón María del Valle-Inclán Amawoneka ngati munthu wodziwika ndi ntchito yake yojambula "Luces de Bohemia", wonena za m'badwo wa 98 komanso wazaka zam'mbuyomu amakhala mukudzuka m'zaka za zana la makumi awiri.

Koma, ngakhale anali a Luces de Bohemia chiwonetsero cholongosoka cha moyo wa bohemian womwe Chiphalapala adakumana, ngakhale adasunthira pamalopo malingaliro ndi malingaliro a opanga onsewo adasuntha pakati pa chisokonezo ndi chiyembekezo. Valle-Inclán anali waluso kwambiri kotero kuti adatha kudzimasula mu ukapolo wa mwaluso umodzi. Wolemba kuti alembe, wolemba uyu adalemba zolemba, ndakatulo, zolemba, nkhani komanso utolankhani, kutha kufotokozera zonse ndikukhala wofunikira pagulu lazikhalidwe zapanthawiyo.

Tertullian wodziwika bwino komanso wosauka kwambiri wa duelist, adatha kuphatikiza zonse ziwiri, kutaya mkono atakangana pamsonkhano wokwiya ndi Manuel Bueno Bengoechea.

M'mabuku a Valle-Inclán titha kupumira ku decadence yomweyo yaku Spain yomwe idadulidwa kutsidya lina ndikuwopsezedwa kuti iwonongedwa mkati. M'malo mokhala ndi chiyembekezo, ntchito yake imachita mdima pamene pulofesa wokalambayo akuwonjezera kutaya mtima kwake malingaliro akumakalamba. Ndipamene Luces de Bohemia adabadwa ndipo chowopsa chake chodziwika bwino momwe zenizeni zenizeni za nthawi yake zidasokonekera, fanizo loyipa lomwe m'makhalidwe andale apitilira mpaka lero, m'malingaliro mwanga.

Mabuku atatu abwino kwambiri a Valle-Inclán

Magetsi a Bohemian

Kuwerenga zisudzo kulinso ndi tanthauzo. Onani zochitika zosintha pansi pamalingaliro osawoneka a malingaliro owerenga, nthawi zonse pamwamba pa zisudzo zabwino kwambiri za Broadway.

Pankhani ya ntchitoyi, nkhaniyi imapezanso mulingo wina wapamwamba.Pansi pa prism ya a Max Estrella timalowa m'masiku amisonkhano pakati pa akatswiri azikhulupiriro ndi omwe adakhalako, masiku ausiku ku Madrid.

Mwa zokambirana zabwino, zokwiyitsa komanso zotsutsa timapeza zokambirana zodabwitsa za Macbethian zomwe zimalongosola zoyipa, mawu omwe amafotokoza, kuchokera pakukhumudwitsidwa, kutayika kwamakhalidwe ndikumverera kogonjetsedwa kwadziko chifukwa cha momwe zimakhudzira magulu azikhalidwe.

Chojambula mwaluso chodzaza ndi zizindikilo monga khungu la Max Estrella kapena magalasi odziwika opotoza omwe tonsefe timatha kumangoyang'anizana tikakumana ndi zowawa za mikhalidwe.

DINANI BUKU

Mbendera Zankhanza

Malingana ndi bukuli, ntchitoyi ndiyomwe imalemekezedwa kwambiri ndi wolemba waku Galicia. Chifukwa cha maulendo ake opita ku America, Valle-Inclán adakumana ndi ziwonetsero zosiyana ndi zomwe zidali ku Spain.

Umu ndi m'mene adakhazikitsira dziko lalingaliro latsopano lomwe adalitcha Santa Fé de Tierra Firme ndipo adatumiza chithunzi cha olamulira mwankhanza kuchokera kuno ndi uko, ndi zotulukapo zomwezo kwa anthu, kulikonse komwe akupezeka.

General Santos Banderas, wamisala weniweni pakuwongolera dzikolo, akuwongolera mapulani adziko lino ndi dzanja lolemera. Pamaso pake, ndi anthu ambiri okhawo omwe amatha kutsutsa zomwe zanenedwa.

Zowona, mbiri imatsegula kufanana pakati pa mbali imodzi ya Atlantic ndi inayo, yogwirizana. Kuphatikiza pa chilankhulo, mwa miyambo yomweyi yamphamvu yopondereza kufafaniza anthu, pomwe pali anthu okhawo omwe akuweruzidwa kuti ndi otsika pamakhalidwe komanso kulephera kuwalamulira.

DINANI BUKU

Chibwenzi cha Wolf

Mu trilogy yotchuka yotchedwa "Barbarian Comedies", chidutswa ichi chimakhala cholengedwa chachikulu cha wolemba. Mwini malo wokhala ku Galicia Juan Montenegro akuyang'ana kumbuyo m'masiku ake omaliza ndi kulimbikira kwa munthu yemwe akukumana ndi imfa ndi chiyembekezo chosamveka chopambana.

Kuuma mtima kwa Juan Montenegro, modabwitsa kuti waperekedwa m'manja mwa misala ndi kukhumudwa atataya chilichonse, zikuyimira chithunzi cha kulimba mtima pamaso pa woopsawo. Zizindikiro zaimfa zimachitika bwino kwambiri m'malo okongola a Galicia.

Ndipo komabe khalidweli lilinso ndi gawo lalingaliro lamachimo ake asanafike kumapeto, ngati munthu wotsutsana wabwino wokhoza kusunga chilichonse chomwe ndi chikhalidwe chaumunthu. Kunyada komwe adakhala nako kuyambira atabadwa kumayamba kuchepa akamaphunzira kuzindikira uthengawu kuchokera kumphepo, mvula, mphezi.

Mwachidule, titha kunena kuti setiyo ndi nkhani yonena za moyo ndi imfa komanso kupezeka kwa unyolo womwe umalumikiza umodzi ndi mzake.

DINANI BUKU

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