U-Oliver Twist, nguCharles Dickens

UCharles Dickens ungomunye wababhali bamaNgisi abakhulu kunabo bonke. Kwakungesikhathi sikaVictorian (1837 - 1901), isikhathi uDickens ahlala futhi wabhala ngaso, lapho le noveli yaba uhlobo oluphambili lwemibhalo. UDickens wayenguthisha we-quintessential wokugxekwa kwezenhlalo, ikakhulukazi phakathi kweminyaka ye-1830s neye-1840s, nini Oliver Twist yanyatheliswa. Ubuwazi ukuthi kungani le noveli ibiphawuleka kangaka ngesikhathi sokukhishwa kwayo?

Amanoveli kaDickens ayisingeniso esicacile semicabango yakhe, esivumela ukuthi sithathe uhambo emuva ngesikhathi futhi sifunde ngezinkinga zenhlalo ezavela ngesikhathi kwezezimboni IsiNgisi. Ngokufanayo, imisebenzi yakhe, ngandlela thile, i-autobiographical. Iminyaka yokuqala yombhali iyabonakala ezindabeni zakhe futhi, ngaphezu kwakho konke, empilweni nobuntu babalingiswa. Iminyaka lapho uDickens aqala khona ukusebenza esemncane kakhulu ukusiza ngezimali zomndeni. Yize uDickens kungenzeka ukuthi waziwa kakhulu emhlabeni wokuxoxa izindaba ngemisebenzi efana ne- Indaba kakhisimusiUmlando wemizi emibili o Amathemba amakhulu, ezibhekwa njengezinye zazo imisebenzi yakhe emihle kakhulu, in Oliver Twist lapho singabona khona lokho okubhekwa njengokugxeka kwakhe okukhulu kwezenhlalo. Izindaba zakhe ngabasebenzi abampofu zazibhekiswe kwabacebile abasezingeni eliphakathi ngokuya, bezama ukudala ukuzwelana okuthile phakathi kwabantu futhi, ngenxa yalokho, bakhuthaza ushintsho.

Ukubonakala kuka ubuqiniso, okuvamile phakathi nenkathi yamaVictoria, kuvumela uDickens ukuthi asibonise iqiniso elibuhlungu elalikhona. Empeleni, ngumbhali uqobo lwakhe ofuna sikhumbule ukuthi ukwenziwa kwezimboni kwakungekhona nje ukukhuphuka kweNgilandi njengezwe ngayo yonke indlela, kodwa futhi kwaletha izinguquko ezinkulu emphakathini nokuthi abathintekayo kakhulu, ngaphandle kokungabaza, mpofu. Kungenxa yezincazelo ezinemininingwane yezilungiselelo emsebenzini we Oliver Twist lapho lisikhombisa khona leli qiniso. Kepha, ngabalingisi uqobo abadlala indima ebaluleke kakhulu ekwenzeni umfundi abone ukuthi ukuvunywa kwemithetho emisha njengoMthetho Omubi we-1834 nokuvela kwe izakhiwo (amakhaya asebekhulile abampofu). 

Oliver Twist Yashicilelwa phakathi kuka-1837 no-1838, ngaleso sikhathi abacebile babeceba futhi abampofu beya besiba mpofu. Ngakho-ke, yimuphi umuntu ongaba sengozini kakhulu emphakathini kunomuntu omusha? U-Oliver wayengumlingiswa wokuqala osemusha wezincwadi ukulingisa enoveli yolimi lwesiNgisi futhi kungenxa yemicimbi eyahlukene empilweni yakhe yonke lapho sibona khona ukuthi abampofu babethathwa njengabakhohlakele nabephendukezelwe. Yize, ngandlela thile, ngenxa yobuntu bakhe, ubumsulwa nendlela yokubona umhlaba, u-Oliver uhlala emaphethelweni wokuziphatha. Ngendlela efanayo, ngalo mlingiswa siyabona ukuthi ukudalelwa kwakhe akuxhomekile kuye, kepha kunqunywa ngamabutho angaphandle, u-Oliver eyisifaniso sokuthakazelisa kwengxenye yakhe empofu kakhulu. dickens umphakathi.

Ngakho-ke, u-Oliver uthathwa njengophawu emhlabeni wokuxoxa izindaba njengoba, njengaye, iningi labalingiswa kwinoveli lifana newindi lomhlaba nesikhathi abahlala kuso. Futhi kungukuthi bobabili uCharles Dickens, owaziwa kahle ngu faka izakhi zomlando emlandweni wabo oqanjiwe, njengomuntu wakubo uJane Austin, odume ngokuchazwa kwakhe ubuntu nezici zobuntuBangababhali ababili abaqashelwa kakhulu emphakathini wamaNgisi nasemhlabeni jikelele uma kukhulunywa ngokwakhiwa kwezinhlamvu.

Ngamafuphi, nge Oliver Twist, UCharles Dickens usinikeza incazelo eningiliziwe yedolobha, amafektri kanye umphakathi wesikhathi sakhe ukuthi sinethuba lokubona iqiniso elibuhlungu lokuthi ukwenziwa kwezimboni kusho ingxenye empofu yomphakathi wamaNgisi wekhulu le-XNUMX. Ukugcwala kwabantu kwakusho ukuthini emadolobheni nokuthi abahluphekayo bahlupheka kanjani.

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