Iincwadi ezi-3 ezilungileyo zikaRaymond Carver

Ngexesha Bukowski ngokuqinileyo uphakamisa ibhanile yabona babhali bomphefumlo ungenabuhlanga, kwinjongo yokuzikhathaza yobunyani benyani, abanye ababhali abanjengo URaymond Carver, URichard Ford o UPedro Juan Gutierrez baqhubeka kwaye baluphucula olo hlobo lwengxelo ekhuthazayo kwi-visceral. Uhlobo lwebali elihluthiweyo lobugcisa bokugxila kumfundi kubalinganiswa, uhanjiswe kwisimo esigqibeleleyo sengqondo yokufunda ehlaziya useto oluncinci, ebazalisa ngombala we-psychedelic ngamanye amaxesha.

URaymond Carver Wayengoyena ulungelelanise kakuhle iseyile yomququ obalisayo ukuze ayifumane ebalini (nakwimibongo) indlela efanelekileyo yokwenza ukuba abalinganiswa bakhe bazulazule ngokungabalulekanga ngenxa yenyani yabo eqinileyo ebambelela kulusu lwethu. Amabali amancinci avela naphina, inzonzobila ethi ekugqibeleni isijikeleze sonke kwaye kuphela yi-hedonism kunye nenqaku lokuziphatha elinokubhala ifilosofi eyimfuneko ekusindeni.

Kwaye okwangoku, phakathi kwabo bonke abalinganiswa abahlala kwimiboniso emifutshane yamabali akhe angenanceba, sikwafumanisa ukuba kutheni sifika apho, kuloo mngxuma wenzonzobila yokungabi nanto ngokomoya nangokwenyama. Ukujonga konke okanye akukho nto, sifumanisa indlela intshabalalo esongela ngayo naluphi na ulwakhiwo olubalulekileyo lwamakhadi kunye nokukhanya kwayo okukhoyo kwentombazana.

Abalinganiswa bakaCarver baphela bebetha, bevula ngokupheleleyo iintlungu zabo, ukuya esiphelweni salo ngokungxama, ukunxiba kunye nokudiliza, ukonwaba okumnyama kokurhoxa kunye nokucinga ukoyiswa.

Imalunga nokuthatha isigqibo sokuba yeyiphi injini eya kuqala isigqibo ngasinye sabalinganiswa, nokuba luloyiko olungapheliyo okanye umnqweno ongalawulekiyo womzimba ovusa ebusweni besoyikiso ngalunye olunobundlongondlongo obunamandla. Abalinganiswa benza izithandi zobulumko zemihla ngemihla, izibuko apho umntu wale mihla ubonakaliswa ngokugqibeleleyo.

Iincwadi ezi-3 eziphezulu eziCetyiswayo nguRaymond Carver

Abaqalayo

Umsebenzi owawusaziwa ngaphambili ngokuba Sithetha ngantoni xa sithetha ngothando? eneneni iye yaya ngokusebenzisa indlela ethile yompapashi yokunyanzelisa emva phaya ngo-1981.

Inqaku lelokuba kwiminyaka emininzi kamva le ncwadi yayiza kufika ngaphandle kohlaziyo lokuqala, kwaye ubukhulu obugcweleyo bomsebenzi buya kufunyanwa ke ukuba, ukuba yayisele isikelelwe ngelo xesha ngabafundi abangahloneliyo, emva koko yayijikeleza loo mbutho we-centripetal ujikeleze kwimbumbulu etshabalalisayo.

Ikhonkco lamabali emihla ngemihla aqamba i-mosaic kunye neziqwenga zothando kwimiphetho yeglasi ecinezelwe zizandla, ngokudakumba okuvakala ngathi kukuhle kunye nokutshatyalaliswa.

Ikholaji ebalisayo kwisheyile engenanto, ngaphandle kokuphinda ichaze, apho kukho kuphela iziqwenga zolusu ezinamathelayo ngotywala, isiselo esinxilisayo esivulela inyani ecekeceke kwaye sijonge kwindlela ecekethekileyo engekho ndawo.

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Iiroses ezintathu ezimthubi

Mhlawumbi yonke le ntshukumo inxulunyaniswa nobunyani obungcolileyo iyaphefumlelwa eChekhov, mhlawumbi ibali labalinganiswa kunye noseto olugcwele isitayile kunye nokuziphatha ngokomoya zivela kwingqondo yaseRussia ethe ngandlel 'ithile yabeka iziseko zebali langoku, uhlobo oluthile lokuphambuka nebali lemveli ukujongana neminye imiba yesiqhelo ngokufutshane.

Yiyo loo nto umntu enokuqonda ukugqitywa kwalo mqulu wamabali amathandathu, ukuvala okunika isihloko kumthamo kunye nokujongana nokuphela kwesiphelo seChekhov, osuka kwisigulana esirhuqayo esimkhokelela kwityholo lakhe, wadubula waya Isiphelo esitsha seentsuku zakhe, kwisandi somculo obandayo wengoma eqanjwa njenge-epitaph ngummangali wakhe uCarver.

Amabali amahlanu aseleyo angena kumatyala amatsha okuba lilolo kunye nokuphoxeka, njengabalinganiswa abahamba emathafeni afanayo aseRashiya apho iChekhov ifumene khona abalinganiswa bakhe.

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Ukuba uyandifuna, nditsalele umnxeba

I-Genius injalo, unokuhlala ulindela into entsha, umsebenzi omtsha owawungcwatywa ngokungathandeki.

Mhlawumbi uthathelwa ingqalelo nguCarver njengamabali amancinanana, la mabali matsha emihla ngemihla kunye nokuqaqadeka okuvulekileyo kuloo ndawo isondeleyo neyoyikisayo yombalisi ozimisele ukushiya iihelm zakhe kwaye ohamba nokubetha kokugqibela phakathi koncwadi oluye lwenziwa ukugwetywa.

Amabali ngamadoda asele eshiyile ukukhanya okungaqhelekanga kotywala ebhotileni kwaye azama ukuzifumana kwakhona. Ngaphandle kokuba iindlela ezidlulileyo azinakuqalwa kwakhona, nokuba ukholelwa kangakanani ukuba kukho ithemba.

Ukuphulukana nokuba ngumntu. Kwaye ekuzifihliseni ngokubanzi akukho namnye umntu osela utywala okanye oziyekelelayo.

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