Iincwadi ezi-3 ezilungileyo nguJorge Volpi

Xa umbhali ehamba phakathi kwesincoko kunye nebali eliyinyani, ndiye ndiphumelele kuzo zombini ezi ndawo zendalo. Le yimeko ye UJorge Luis Volpi Abalinganiswa bakhe benoveli baphela befumana intsalela yangaphakathi yokucamngca kunye nenjongo ebalulekileyo esele iphawule izincoko zalo mbhali mncinci waseMexico.

Phakathi kwababhali besi sizukulwana sokuqhekeka, esikhulelwe njengesiqhelo esiya kubunkunkqeleko ngokusesikweni nangasemva (kuphela ngenkululeko yomxholo wombhali ngamnye), uVolpi umi njengendlalifa kubabhali abakhulu baseMexico UJuan Rulfo okanye I-Octavio Paz, ngenxa yempembelelo yayo kunye nenjongo yayo yotshintsho ngaphaya kokonwabisa okulula kokufunda.

Kungenxa yokuba ngasemva komfundi ngamnye kunokuhlala kukho isazela esixhonyiweyo kuloo mbono wombhali oqinisekileyo ngokulula komfanekiso wentlalo kunye negalelo elibalulekileyo elivela ebantwini, elidluliselwe ngokuzimisela kwiiprofayili zomlinganiso ocacileyo nakuseto loyilo olufundwayo ukuya kwiinkcukacha ezincinci.

Kubabhali abanjengoVolpi, abakwiklabhu yababhali abafundileyo, besebancinci kodwa benokwaziwa kwihlabathi liphela, umsebenzi wabo we-thematic wandisa ukumisela imeko yenyani yexesha lethu ukusuka kwisandulela ukuya kwinkulungwane yamashumi amabini (sikhumbula iTrilogy yakhe yenkulungwane yamashumi amabini ) kodwa ikwaqikelelwa kubuchwephesha bommandla osondeleyo eMexico okanye kolo hlobo lokuqikelela ukuba yonke into ethandabuzekayo iphelela ekuthabatheni ibali lakhe, kwimeko kaVolpi ngokusebenzisa iinoveli ezinamandla kunye nezincoko ezijongana nezinto ezikhoyo, kunye nokungenakupheliswa impikiswano evela kwiimvakalelo.

Iincwadi ezi-3 eziphezulu ezicetyiswayo nguJorge Volpi

Incwadana yolwaphulo-mthetho

Ukusondela kuhlobo lwenqaku lombhali onzulu ngalo lonke ixesha kukhokelela kwizimanga ezilandisayo ...

Kwincwadi yakhe eyandulelayo ngokuchasene neTrump, wayesele enike ingxelo entle yokuba umbono kaTrump wokubandlulula uthetha ntoni kwilizwe lakhe, eMexico. Asingombuzo wokurhabaxa ngenxa yabo, uVolpi unika imisebenzi yakhe yamvanje ukuba ngumqondo wobukrelekrele. Izindululo zihlala zibhalwe nzulu malunga nesiseko sempikiswano yakho. KUNYE

nokuba kukwisicwangciso esinyanisekileyo, njengakwincwadi kaTrump yangaphambili, okanye ukubalisa ngokwenyani, njengoko kunjalo kule "Inoveli yolwaphulo-mthetho", athe waphumelela kuyo ibhaso le-2018 Alfaguara okanye, ewe, ukuhamba phakathi kweentsomi ezipheleleyo njengakwincwadi yakhe enkulu ethi "The weaver the shadow", ukubonisa umzekelo wohlobo ngalunye. Iziganeko, ezo apho uVolpi azobe khona eli bali ngesihloko sakhe esingaqhelekanga, senzeka ngoDisemba 8, 2005.

Abalinganiswa bakhe u-Israel Vallarta kunye noFlorence Cassez babebandakanyekile ekubanjweni kuka-surreal, bajika baba ziimpazamo zikaThixo owaziyo ukuba ngowuphi umbutho wolwaphulo-mthetho odibanisanayo namandla kwaye ukubanjwa kwakhe kungekudala amaphephandaba nawo enza ezazo izizathu.

U-Israel noFlorence bahlupheka, ukulingwa ngokufanayo kunye nokugculelwa esidlangalaleni. Bazifumana sele bentywiliselwe kwisicwangciso esoyikisayo sama-mafia anokukwazi ukushukumisa oorhulumente kunye nobulungisa ngokuqina okumangalisayo. Umabonwakude, okwakudityaniswa nesicwangciso esilihlazo, wayephethe ukukholisa bonke abantu baseMexico ukuba u-Israel noFlorence babebanjiwe ngeenjongo zabo zoqoqosho, njengoko babekwiqela lolwaphulo-mthetho.

Zisuka nje, amava ka-Israyeli noFlorence, angazikhathalelanga zonke ezi zityholo, kumele ukuba ayexhalabisa. Ukuba, ukongeza kwinto yokuba awunatyala, ufumanisa ukuba isicwangciso esikhohlakeleyo seziphumo ezingalindelekanga sisondela kuwe ...

Umlo ochasene nolwaphulo-mthetho, xa unyuka ngokugqibeleleyo ukuya kwinqanaba eliphezulu, ungqubana nerhamncwa elinakho konke ukukhusela ubukhosi balo. Ayikho enye into enokulindelwa kwabo bazithathela kubo ukutsala imitya yolwaphulo-mthetho njengesiseko senzuzo yabo kunye nobomi bobutyebi.

Kwaye urhwaphilizo, njengamanye amaxesha amaninzi, lufunyanwa njengoluhlu olunqabileyo lwezinto ezintle ezigcina zidibanisa amandla kunye namaziko oluntu ngezona zifo zibi. Ibali elingcolileyo lokuba kuthetha ntoni ukuvuka kwinyani. Isilumkiso kubahambi ngeenqanawa malunga nokuqina kwentando yesininzi kunye namaziko.

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Ngokuchasene neTrump

Kutheni ungakhethi enye yeencwadi zakhe ezicingisisa ngezopolitiko ezikhoyo? Ityala likaTrump luphawu lwangoku lweyona populism yoyikekayo enokusikhokelela kulo naliphi na inqanaba lokungavisisani ...

Xa uTrump wangena emandleni, iziseko zaseNtshona zanyikima ebusweni bento ebonakala ngathi yintlekele ezayo. Amanye amazwe anje ngeMexico aziva eyintsika yenyikima yomhlaba, kwaye iingcungela zelizwe elikuMbindi Merika zibonise ngokuchasene nenani elitsha likamongameli waseMelika.

Omnye wezi ngqondi ngumbhali uJorge Volpi, umbhali wale ncwadi apho abonisa inkxalabo yakhe malunga nezithembiso zonyulo zikaTrump kunye nezibakala zakhe eziphantse zafezekiswa malunga nesivumelwano nommelwane wakhe osemazantsi.

Kodwa ngaphaya kokuchazwa kweziphumo zorhulumente omtsha waseMntla Melika eMexico, koku ncwadi Ngokuchasene neTrump Sinikwe imeko exhalabisayo, ezimiselwe ekukhanyeni kweenjongo kunye neenyaniso zokuqala ezishiywa ngasemva nguTrump.

Inyani yile yokuba ibisiza. Yayiyizinto zesiprofeto esibi esazizalisekisayo abavoti baseMelika abaqhula ngaso, kodwa bafumana iniche yokwenza izinto.

Phantsi komboniso kawonke-wonke wezifundiswa, abantu benkcubeko kunye nomculo okanye oosomashishini abakhulu, phantse bonke bengabaphikisi bakaTrump, isininzi sentlalontle ekugqibeleni sikhethe i-tycoon, ibeka ikamva labo kwisibhengezo sayo sokukhusela i-USA kubo bonke abantu bangaphandle. iiarhente.

Ngoluvo lokuba yinkabave kuphela enokugcina ubume babemi base-US, ivumela ukwabiwa kobutyebi kubasebenzi, uTrump woyise uninzi lwabantu abachaphazeleke kule ngxaki.

Yile nto ikhoyo, ngamaxesha anzima kulula ukuba isithethi esisebenza emsebenzini siguqule into engaqhelekanga ibe sisongelo kwaye eyahlukileyo ibe sisikhubekiso. Le yindlela i-misogynist kunye ne-xenophobe efikelele ngayo phezulu kwilizwe eliphambili kwihlabathi.

Uluvo lukaJorge Volpi ngale ncwadi kukuhlanganisa njengakwixesha elidlulileyo, ukuyiguqula le ncwadi ukuba ibe yincwadana, intlebendwane ehlekisayo efuna ukwazi nokwazi ngoqondo. Indlela eyahlukileyo yokulwa i-populism, ngaphezulu kweefomula zomgaqo-nkqubo ezifudumeleyo ezingasasebenziyo ebantwini.

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Umaluki wesithunzi

Ibali lothando elimangalisayo ngothando njengomqondo. Ngandlela thile, uVolpi, enolwazi olupheleleyo lokungafikelelekiyo komcimbi, usinika umbono phakathi kwe-surreal kunye nephupha elinokreqo olunamandla lwengqondo, ngesimo sokuqiqa esingakwaziyo ukufikelela kumxholo wothando njengalo mxube wokuqhuba kunye unxibelelwano lwengqondo okanye kwanomphefumlo.

Kwenzeka ntoni kuHenry noChristina, emva phaya ngo-1925, abaphethwe luthando olubonakala ngathi alunakuchazeka kubo bobabini ngaphandle kweemeko zabo ezingafaniyo ezifuna ukubatyhalela kwezinye iindlela, kusikhokelela kwelona themba liphambeneyo lonyango lothando, okanye ukuqonda ngalo. ukwazi ukusondela kuyo ngengqiqo. Uvavanyo lwesayensi olungaqhelekanga kunye nokuthambeka kolulwe ebomini.

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Shiya amazwana

Le sayithi isebenzisa i-Akismet ukunciphisa ugaxekile. Funda indlela idatha yakho yokubhaliweyo isetyenziswe ngayo.