Iincwadi ezi-3 ezigqwesileyo nguKim Stanley Robinson

I-Science Fiction (ewe, ngoonobumba abakhulu) luhlobo olunxulunyaniswa ngabantu abangafaniyo nohlobo lwentsomi olungenaxabiso ngaphandle kokuzonwabisa. Ngomzekelo kuphela wombhali endizisa apha namhlanje, UKim Stanley Robinson, Kuya kufaneleka ukutshabalalisa zonke ezo zinto zingacacanga malunga nolu hlobo loncwadi njengohlobo lwefanzine yeengqondi zasebusuku okanye abantwana njengeengcinga njengoko bephawuleka.

Kungenxa yokuba uMnu.Stanley sisidanga sobugqirha kwezoncwadi, kwiiyunivesithi ezahlukeneyo zaseMelika, abathi ekugqibeleni bakhetha ukubhala i-CiFi ukuze babenendawo efanelekileyo yokulahla inkxalabo yezinto zehlabathi ezinje nge-ecology ethathwe kwipolitiki kunye nokusitheka kwenkululeko yezoqoqosho njengoko oyena ndoqo weyona dystopia imbi elindelwe ngamanye amaGiFi awanduleleyo njenge HG Wells, George Orwell, UFilipu K. Dick, Aldous Huxley, URay Bradbury kunye nabanye abaninzi ekuqikelelwa kwabo kuvela amaxesha ngamaxesha kunye nobunzima be-macabre yokuqiniseka ...

UStanley Robinson walinywa ngaphezu kwazo zonke iintlobo ezinzima, Elishiya ilizwe lethu (okanye ubuncinci kweli xesha lethu), ukuzama ukufumana izisombululo, nangona okwangoku bejonga kuphela kwingcinga eneziqhamo, ekunciphiseni izibonelelo okanye ukuphakamisa ulwazi malunga noko Phelisa ngaphezulu okanye ngaphantsi kufutshane nokulingana okungazinzanga kwehlabathi lethu.

Wamkelekile kwinqaba yokugqibela yokugqibela yesayensi enzima, qhoboshela iibhanti zakho zokuhlala kwaye ulungele ukuphuma.

Iincwadi ezi-3 eziphezulu eziCetyiswayo nguKim Stanley Robinson

2312

Ixesha elizayo, eso sipili siqala ukubonisa intlekele, iapocalypse okanye isiphelo, nantoni na esifuna ukuyibiza ngayo. UStanley Robinson uhamba kwikamva kwaye uyonwabile, ezisa ithemba lokuba isayensi inokufumanisa ntoni.

Umhlaba yinto eshiyekileyo kule nto besiyiyo, ayiniki ngaphezulu kwayo. Kwaye nangona iintlobo zethu zingenakufanelekela nayiphi na iparadesi enikezelwa nguThixo, amandla okusinda kunye nokuzingisa kokholo oluyimfama kuxhobisa izazinzulu ukuba zifune iindawo ezintsha ngaphaya kwelanga lethu.

Sikwinkulungwane ye-XXIV. Inzululwazi kunye netekhnoloji yabelana ngokufanelekayo kokuqikelela kwethu kwiindawo ezintsha apho sikhona. Kodwa kunyaka olindelwe kwisihloko, kwi-2312 eyabekayo kubonakala ngathi ukuzingca komntu kuyabonakala kumzuzu wesoyikiso xa indalo yenza iyelenqe ngokuchasene nenkqubela phambili yethu.

cofa incwadi

ENew York, 2140

Kwiinkulungwane ezimbalwa ngaphambi kwenoveli edlulileyo, nangona bezimele ngokupheleleyo kule ... indawo yomngcipheko kwiminyaka engeyiyo emininzi ezayo.

Kule ncwadi, iziphumo zophononongo lwangoku ziguqula iNew York ukuba ibe yiVenice ebonakaliswe kubungqongqo bolwandle ukuba bubunjineli kunye nekratshi kuphela elizama ukuligcina njengesixeko esikhulu esinokuhlala abantu.

Ukujongana nesi sicelo, umlinganiso ophambili wesindululo sokufumana ufumana uqwalaselo olukhethekileyo. Ngaba imalunga nokusinika inoveli okanye ukuveza into eza ngapha kwindawo enophawu eNtshona njengeNew York?

Indlela yokuphila yaseNew York ibonakaliswa kukuguquguquka kwayo, amandla ayo okuseta imikhwa kwilizwe liphela kunye nendalo yayo ekumgangatho ophezulu. Isixeko sephupha laseMelika kunye neshishini lehlabathi. Umfuziselo wamandla omntu wokuthangalela ilizwe.

Kuphela…. Ubusazi ukuba xa sithelekisa imbali yePlanethi yoMhlaba kunye nonyaka wekhalenda, ukuhamba kwempucuko yethu kuthatha imizuzu embalwa yosuku lokugqibela? Singacinga ukuba iplanethi lilizwe lethu, ukuba yonke into yenzelwe inkonzo yethu.

Kodwa inyani kukuba siluhlobo nje lwenyathelo. Kwaye nathi ngokwethu sinokubangela ukuphela kwethu okulindelweyo. Abalinganiswa abohlukeneyo babonisa ubomi babo bemihla ngemihla kuthi kwizinto ezazisakuba zezona zakhiwo zibalaseleyo zeNew York.

Umzobo osuka kuloo nyaka u-2140 apho sinokubona khona umntu eqhele intlekele, evusa iinkumbulo zezinyanya zedolophu apho imilambo nomhlaba zahlulwe ngokugqibeleleyo, hayi njengakwikamva apho yonke into ingamanzi, uloyiso lwamaza amatsha wethu angenamda ukuzimisela kunye nembono yethu zero ngelo kamva.

cofa incwadi

Amaxesha erayisi kunye netyuwa

Ilayisi kunye netyuwa, ukutya oku-odolo lokuqala kunye nezinto ezisisiseko kuphuhliso lwembali yempucuko yethu ngaphambi kokuthenga ngokungathandabuzekiyo kunye nehlabathi.

Kanye, umbhali ubuyela kwakudala, ngezo ntsuku xa umntu wayehlala kwindawo eyayingafakwanga mephu ngokupheleleyo, kunye neentsomi kunye neenkolelo zakhe ... Isibetho se-bubonic sesele sisiganeko esibalulekileyo eYurophu ye-1349.

Abemi bathwaxwa zizigidi, behlisa isiqingatha semiphefumlo yelizwekazi liphela. Kulapho ke umbhali acebisa ubuchwephesha bokwaphula ubukhosi behlabathi laseNtshona kwaye anikezele ngehlabathi kwiqela elitsha lamandla phakathi kwamaSilamsi namaTshayina.

Ukutshintsha komhlaba ngonaphakade, intlalontle kunye nezopolitiko zithatha indlela entsha enika umdla echazwa ngumbhali ngenkanuko kunye nomtsalane womfumanisi wehlabathi elitsha.

cofa incwadi

3 izimvo "ngeencwadi ezintathu ezilungileyo zikaKim Stanley Robinson"

  1. I-Red Mars ingcono kune-2312, kunye neMars eluhlaza ngokunjalo.
    I-2312 lulungelelwaniso olufanayo lwesaga kaMartian yokuyihlaziya kwaye ijolise kwiiplanethi zangaphakathi zenkqubo yelanga.
    Amaxesha erayisi kunye neTyuwa ndifuna ukuyifunda, inegama elihle kakhulu.
    I-2140 ayigqibanga ukundikroba nangona inyanisekile kune-Aurora ehamba umgama omde.
    I-Red Moon lelinye inyathelo eliya phambili kumbono wayo ontsonkothileyo wehlabathi, ibuyele kwimvelaphi yayo kwaye inike ingqwalaselo yorhwebo ngakumbi kwiRed Mars okanye ngo-2312 kwisakhiwo esona siphambili (esihlala sisekondari ukuchaza eyona nto inomdla kuyo iinoveli), ukufumana abafundi abanemigca engaphezulu.
    ILuna Roja nayo ayigqithisi naliphi na icebo lokucoca ulwelo ukuze sikwazi ukubona eminye yemisebenzi yakhe ephambili kumabonwakude.
    Umbhali omkhulu onamacala amaninzi kunye nokuzibophelela esinobunewunewu bokonwabela, oya kuqhubeka nokubhala ixesha elide.

    impendulo
    • Uhlalutyo olugqibeleleyo.
      Kwiintlobo ngeentlobo zokuthanda ubabalo.
      Nokuba kunjalo, loo nto inomdla wokuzibandakanya ekubhaleni nangakumbi kwi-CiFi ihlala ixabiswa.

      impendulo

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