3 akanakisa mabhuku naJuan Carlos Onetti

Icho chisina moto Juan Carlos Onetti, padyo ne Mario Benedetti y Edward Galeano, vanogadzira literary triumvirate kubva kuUruguay yavo yakajairika kuenda kuOlympus yetsamba muSpanish. Nekuti pakati pevatatu vanovhara zvese, chero mhando muprose, vhesi kana padariro.

Kunyangwe hazvo imwe neimwe ichipa iyo yakatarwa uye yekusagadzikana kwenhoroondo (kunze kwemazita ekushanduka anodyisa zviitiko zvepamusoro zvenguva kana nguva yekuyedza kubatanidza kana kuenzanisa), ichokwadi zvakare kuti mamiriro akagovaniswa ezana ramakumi maviri akaiswa pano nepapo kune zvematongerwo enyika neupfumi kukwira nekudzika kwemarudzi ese munyika yakanangana nekudyidzana kwenyika pamwe nekudzokororwa kwenjodzi dzese, dzimwe nguva yaishandira kuwiriraniswa.

Chishamiso cheUruguay chakaita kuti nyika yevane njere nhatu imire seyakabudirira kwazvo kusvika pakati pezana ramakore rechimakumi maviri, yakatanga kutambura nedambudziko remakumi maviri nemapfumbamwe ndokuguma ichidonha nehondo mbiri dzepashure dzakatevera.

Kudzvanyirira kwemauto kwema70 kwakawanikwa mune vanyori vatatu mazwi matatu akakosha ekutsoropodza, akaongororwa nguva zhinji uye kutapwa seyakagadziriswa sarudzo. Akagovana manotsi akakosha anoratidza mumabhuku ake zvisaririra zvezvipo zvake zvikuru zvekusimudzira kushoropodza uye kudzura.

Asi Onetti anonongedzera kune kumwe kusarudzika kwekusaziva. Nekuti aive akawedzera zvakanyanya kunyangwe pamberi peBoldaberry coup. Kubva muna 1939 kusvika kuma 70s nguva iyo Onetti akakwanisa kunyora mabasa ake akanyanya, ihwohwo huchenjeri huripo pakati pezvinonakidza zvinobva kuguta rake rakagadzirwa, Santa María, uko vanhu vanosvika kubva kune dzimwe nzvimbo chaidzo, mumutambo wemairazi. vanyori vashoma vaizodzokorora neunyanzvi hwakafanana.

Mabhuku epamusoro matatu akakurudzirwa naJuan Carlos Onetti

Upenyu hupfupi

Vaverengi vese veOnetti vanofungidzira hukuru hwehunyanzvi, hwedenga iro rakapwanywa nemutauri wenyaya. Kunyangwe ini ndisingade kuumbiridza, ndinotenda kuti ini handisi kukanganisa mukuvavarira padanho iro risingachasvike mumabasa apfuura kana ekupedzisira.

Juan María Brausen naStein vanotarisana nebasa rekuvhara chinyorwa chemufirimu. Iyo yakatumirwa nyaya ichaitika muSanta María. Uye ipapo Juan María arikutsvaga mavara anofanirwa kuuya kuhupenyu kuti apedzise kutsvaga iro banga renhoroondo yavo.

Uye zvishoma nezvishoma Brausen inosanganisa iyo nhoroondo muhupenyu hwake ichiratidzira hupenyu hwake munhoroondo. Iyo bipolarity yemunyori yakaita yakaoma uye yakazara mamiriro.

Chikonzero chaSanta María chekuvanza mhosva, kusuwa kwemoyo uye kutya pakati pemigwagwa yaro yakagadzirwa. Hunhu hunoratidzika kunge hune makiyi anovhura madhoo kuchokwadi chaBrausen neBrausen inowedzera zviroto zvake uye zvekufungidzira zvakashandurwa kuita script yekuuya kuzogara muzviitiko uye hupenyu, senge iyo yekare kurota yekuona kuti vamwe vararame uye vafare. iwo mufaro wevamwe, kupaka ako ega zviitiko mune chaicho chakashanduka ngano.

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Iyo ngarava

Kana iwe uchitaura kune mumwe munhu nezve Onetti, uye kunyangwe pamusoro apa pamusoro peanogona kupfuura anyanzvi, vamwe vaverengi vazhinji vanotora iyi imwe novel kutanga. Icho chichava chimwe chezviitiko zvake zvinotaridzika kune yedu grey nyika.

Neimwe nzira, zvinoita sekusuwa kuenda kunzvimbo yekunyepedzera seSanta María, inogona kupenya pakati pehupfumi kana mufaro uye yopedzisira yawana kusuwa kumwe chete.

Asi ndezvekuti, sekutaura kwevanyori vazhinji pazviitiko, kusuruvara ndiko kunonyanya kukurudzira. Kuora uye kufungidzira zvinokuchengetedza iwe mukushushikana kwekusika chero bedzi vasingakudzikise pasi. Uye Onetti aive shasha mumusangano iwoyo wenhema akateedzera shungu dzinosuwisa kwazvo pasi redu.

Hunhu hunofambiswa neisina zvibereko inertia munyika yakasakara. Zvikepe zvengarava zvine maungira ebudiriro ayo anobaya hana dzakanyura mukukundwa.

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Vakagara zvakanaka

Kamwe Onetti paakawanikwa, zvakakodzera kumira panhau pfupi iyi ine chimwe chirevo chechokwadi chese, humbowo hwakasimba hwemunyori. Onetti pachake akatsanangura basa iri seanofarira, kunyangwe pane dzimwe nguva. Panofanira kuva nechikonzero.

Iyo poindi ndeyekuti protagonist wenyaya anogona kuve Onetti iye, akazvishandura saiye aimbove nyeredzi yemitambo akasvika mutaundi regomo rine mukurumbira wehunhu hwaro hwekurapa tibhii.

Chimiro chake chaicho, kuvapo uye hunhu husingazivikanwe munguva pfupi yakabata kubata kwemunhu anotarisira posvo yeguta. Kuita kuti zvinhu zviwedzere kuipa, hunhu hukuru hunogamuchira tsamba dzisinganzwisisike idzo, pavanopfuura nemumaoko eposta weguta, vari kunyora mukufungidzira kwavo nyaya yakadzika kwazvo yemunhu akapedzisira akachengetedzwa mumupata wakanyarara.

Kupfupika kwenyaya ino, yayo yakadzikama tempo, zvisinei, uye pfungwa yemuposta inoshandura kuvapo kwezvinhu zvese zvakamupoteredza zvinoumba mufananidzo unotyisa pamusoro pekurega basa kwe protagonist uye kudzikira kwehupenyu munyasi memakomo.

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