Jared Diamond Ekutanga Mabhuku matatu

Iko kugona kwekuparadzira hunhu kuitira kuti vafungi vakuru kana vesaenzi, chero ari munda, vanoguma vasvika pazviitiko izvo pakutanga zvinoita kunge zviri kure zvakanyanya nekuda kwehunyanzvi kana hwechokwadi. Vanyori vakaita Eduard Punset u Oliver masaga iyi mienzaniso miviri inoshamisa mune iro bhuku rebhaibheri tinowana iyo yekuverenga kuverenga kuravira, tsananguro yepedyo, yekufananidzira, yakafanana.

Jared Diamond es mumwe wevaya vatauri vakuru izvo zvinopedzisira zvasvika kune vaverengi vazhinji vane anthropological zvinetswa kubva kune yakakosha kusvika kune akaomesesa. Uye mashiripiti ayo anogara mukutenda kuzere kwemumwe.

Hapana chimwe chinowedzera anthropological muchimiro kupfuura kudzidza kweEvolution. Hapana chinhu chingabatanidze zvese maererano neshanduko shanduko pakutanga uye zvichizogumisa magariro, zvechitendero kana zvematongerwo enyika kupfuura nzira yekufamba kwenguva kwehupenyu hwevanhu huri kuumba nzvimbo dzese kubva kumunhu kusvika kuboka.

Sevanhu vanojairana nekwavanogara uye pavanenge vachiita nharaunda iyi nzvimbo inoyevedza yemarudzi avo, zvimwe zvese zvinokura munharaunda yatove kuita nyika kuti musha wepasirese ufananidzwe nemupata unogarwa newaimbove. .

Zvinogona kutaridzika kunge zvekunyepedzera, asi Jared Diamond anonyatsoziva kurondedzera maitiro aya akasiyana uye achiwedzerwa munguva iine ruzivo rwakawanda uye rwekugadzira (zvakakodzera chirevo). Uye zvechokwadi, sosi yakadaro yeruzivo inoshandiswa zvakanyanya nenyanzvi uye isina zororo. Saka, kana iwe uchida kuswedera padyo nemunyori akazara kwazvo ezvinyorwa zvesainzi. Iwe uri munzvimbo chaiyo.

Mabhuku epamusoro matatu akakurudzirwa naJared Diamond

Pfuti, utachiona nesimbi

Nyika yemunhu aripo iye zvino, kudivi renyika rakadanwa kunzi "Western" (pamwe mune chiratidzo chinokanganisa ethnocentric iyo inoda kuwedzera chikamu chenyika yepasi kune zvese zvinoenderana neiyo idiosyncrasy yayo). inozivikanwa uye inofungidzirwa pasi rese.

Maitiro edu ndizvo zvavari uye kubva kwavari tinoona nyika. Zvichida ndosaka, kuti titore tarisiro inotambanudza kumashure mazana emakore mazhinji, Jared Diamond anotidzosera kuzviuru zvemakore pamberi pedu nzira yehupenyu yaive iroto kure, kana dystopian, zvinoenderana nekutarisa kwako. Uye isu tinowana iye munhu achitorerwa chaanofungidzirwa hutiziro hwehutiziro hwehupenyu hwazvino.

Zvichida kutanga kuwana izvo homo sapiens sapiens izvo zvakazopedzisira zvashanduka zvikaita zvakakwana zvimiro zvinovhiringidza.

Kunyangwe zvakadaro patakaona kuti mamwe marudzi akanangana sei nekushandisa zvisirizvo zvekutanga zvekurima nezvipfuyo asi vamwe vakashandisa simba rakanyanya kuita varwi vekutanga kubva kuzvinhu zvakaita sekuvhima.

Dzidziso yekushanduka-shanduka yakamanikidzwa nechisimba kana nenjere dzichangoburwa kudzora zviwanikwa? Mugumo wakateerwa kuzuva rino wakamuka kubva pachiyero chesimba pakati pezvakapihwa naAmai Pasi uye nezvakanzwisiswa nemunhu muhukama hwake nevamwe vake vanhu.

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Kupunzika. Nei dzimwe nzanga dzichitsungirira uye dzimwe dzichinyangarika

Ngano dzekare dzavaMayan kana maInca vachisiya nharaunda dzavo dzekufananidzira munguva iyo gare gare zvivakwa zvavo zvakawanikwa.

Kushaikwa kwezviwanikwa kana kutsakatika nekuda kwehumwe huipi hwekupedzisira? Unongova muenzaniso mumwe wezvikonzero zvakakonzera kubudirira kwevamwe vanhu uye kutsakatika kwevamwe. Denda dema kana furuwenza yeSpain yakarwisa nechisimba apo nharaunda dzakasiyana dzeEuropean dzaive dzatotanga kubatana.

Asi izvo zvikamu zvakakundwa nekuda kwerumwe rudzi rwejekiseni rechisikirwo iro rakadzivirira njodzi, imwe yakazvidzivirira yekushanduka. Nhasi uno mamiriro ekunze, ecological uye zvipenyu zvinetswa zvichiripo, uye pamwe isu pachedu tinofambisa denda iri.

Kuverenga pane zvakapfuura kunogara kuchinakidza kufunga nezve zvingangoitika zvazvino uno. Jared Diamond anotitungamira kubva kune rimwe budiriro kuenda kune rimwe, aine fungidziro uye chokwadi nezve ramangwana rake rekupedzisira.

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Nyika kusvika nezuro

Nezuro tinogona kunge tisina kunyatsosiyana. Musimboti webudiriro yedu inoratidzirwa nekutyaira, manzwiro, nekufunga uye nemanzwiro. Misiyano inosimbiswa mune izvo zvakatikomberedza, kazhinji nguva dzose nzvimbo yekuisira parizvino iyo yatinogadzira nyika yedu zvakanyanya kuzviisa pasi pekare.

Kubva pane ino nzvimbo, Jared Diamond inotaura nezve edu azvino mamiriro. Kuzviona isu pachedu sezvakangoita zvakafanana nezvataive kunogona kutisunungura kubva kune iyo nhumbi yekuzvibata yechishongedzo kwete pane yakakosha.

Zvidzidzo zvemunyori pamarudzi akasiyana siyana achiri kugara kure nenyika yepasirese nhasi anoshandira chikonzero chekuziva icho chinotangira kubva pakunamata kusvika kumagariro.

Iyo inofadza nzira iyo ino munyori anokwanisa kugadzirisa pfungwa dzakadzama pamusoro peanthropology inopedzisira ichipaza zvepasirese zvinhu senge fundo, kuchembera, nzvimbo mune izvo zvinogara zvichikosha kuti uwanezve iyo pfungwa yezvakakosha kupedzisa kupora dzakarasika mahora ayo ivo vanotidzosera pamufaro uye kugarisana kwedu kwakaringana nepasi rakabviswa rakanyanya kuwanda chimiro.

Dzvanya BHUKU

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