Mabuku atatu abwino kwambiri a Juan Carlos Onetti

Chozimitsa moto Juan Carlos Onetti, pafupi ndi Mario Benedetti y Eduardo Galeano, amapanga triumvirate yolemba kuchokera ku Uruguay wamba kupita ku Olympus ya zilembo zaku Spain. Chifukwa pakati pa atatuwa amaphimba chilichonse, mtundu uliwonse wamasamba, vesi kapena siteji.

Ngakhale aliyense amapereka kutulutsa kopanda tanthauzo komanso kufotokozera (kupyola zilembo zomwe zimangotengera zochitika zapadera za mlengalenga kapena nthawi yoyesera kugwirizanitsa kapena kusanjikiza), ndizowona kuti zochitika zofananira zaka makumi awiri zapitazi zinali pano ndi apo kuzokwera pandale ndi zachuma ndi zotsika zamitundu yonse mdziko lapansi zomwe zimaloza kudalirana kwa dziko lapansi komanso kufalikira kwavuto lililonse, nthawi zina limakhala logwirizana mwachilengedwe.

Chozizwitsa cha ku Uruguay chomwe chinapangitsa dziko la akatswiri atatuwa kukhala lotukuka kwambiri mpaka pakati pa zaka za zana la 29, lidayamba kuvutika ndi zovuta za XNUMX ndikumaliza kugwa ndi nkhondo ziwiri zapadziko lonse lapansi.

Ulamuliro wankhanza wankhondo wazaka za m'ma 70 udapezeka mwa olemba atatuwa mawu atatu ofunikira, owunikidwa kangapo ndikusamutsidwa ngati njira yokhayo. Adagawana zolemba zofunikira zomwe zimawonetsa m'mabuku ake malingaliro osiyana a mphatso zazikulu pakupanga kutsutsa ndikuzula.

Koma Onetti akuloza za kupusitsa kwina. Chifukwa anali wochulukirapo ngakhale asanafike Boldaberry coup. Kuyambira 1939 mpaka 70s nthawi yomwe Onetti adakwanitsa kulemba ntchito zake zamphamvu kwambiri, ndikumvetsetsa komwe kulipo pakati pa zonena zochititsa chidwi kuchokera mumzinda wake wopangidwa, Santa María, pomwe anthu amachokera m'malo ena enieni, mumasewera a magalasi omwe olemba ochepa amabwereza mobwerezabwereza chimodzimodzi.

Mabuku atatu operekedwa ndi Juan Carlos Onetti

Moyo wamfupi

Owerenga onse a Onetti amatenga ukulu wa mwaluso, wamlengalenga womwe umasakanizidwa ndi wolemba nkhaniyo. Ngakhale sindimakonda kupanga zambiri, ndikukhulupirira kuti sindikulakwitsa pakulinga pamlingo womwe sunafikiridwe pantchito zam'mbuyomu kapena zamtsogolo.

Juan María Brausen ndi Stein akuyenera kutseka filimu. Nkhani yomwe yatumizidwayo ichitika ku Santa María. Ndipo pamenepo Juan María akupeza anthu omwe akuyenera kukhala ndi moyo kuti pamapeto pake atsatire mfundo za mbiri yawo.

Ndipo pang'ono ndi pang'ono Brausen amaphatikizira nkhaniyo m'moyo wake kwinaku akuwonetsera moyo wake munkhaniyo. Maganizo awiri a wolemba adapanga zovuta komanso zowoneka bwino.

Chifukwa cha Santa María chobisa kudzimva kuti ndi wolakwa, kusweka mtima komanso mantha m'misewu yomwe idapangidwa. Makhalidwe omwe akuwoneka kuti ali ndi mafungulo omwe amatsegula zitseko za Brausen ndi Brausen zomwe zimakwaniritsa maloto ake komanso zomwe amangoganiza kuti zidakwaniritsidwa kuti zilembedwe m'miyambo ndi miyoyo, monga loto lakale lakuwona kuti ena azikhala ndikusangalala chisangalalo cha ena, kuyimitsa zochitika zanu zenizeni kunasandulika zopeka.

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Malo ogulitsira sitima

Mukamayankhula ndi wina za Onetti, ndipo ngakhale zili pamwambapa za zaluso kwambiri, owerenga ena ambiri amatchulanso bukuli. Idzakhala imodzi mwazovuta kwambiri kuwongolera mdziko lathu laimvi.

Mwanjira ina, zikuwoneka ngati zosafunikira kupita kumalo achabechabe ngati Santa María, omwe amatha kuwala pakati pa zabwino kapena chisangalalo ndikumapezanso zachisoni chomwecho.

Koma ndikuti, monga olemba ambiri amafotokozera nthawi zina, chisoni ndichomwe chimalimbikitsa kwambiri. Kuwonongeka ndikulakalaka kumakupangitsani kukhala achisangalalo cholenga bola ngati sangakugwetseni pansi. Ndipo Onetti anali katswiri pamsonkhanowu pamsonkhano wopeka wofanizira zomvetsa chisoni kwambiri mdziko lathu.

Makhalidwe omwe amasunthidwa ndi inertia yopanda phindu mdziko lodzala. Zombo zapanyanja zokhala ndi zokongoletsa zomwe zikuboola zikumbumtima zawo zidagonjetsedwa.

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Zabwino

Onetti akangotulukiridwa, ndi bwino kuyimitsa buku lalifupi ili lomwe lili ndi chidziwitso cha chowonadi chonse, umboni wotsimikizika wa wolemba. Onetti iyemwini adalongosola ntchitoyi ngati yomwe amakonda, ngakhale nthawi zina. Payenera kukhala chifukwa.

Mfundo ndiyakuti protagonist wa nkhaniyi atha kukhala Onetti mwiniwake, yemwe adabisala ngati nyenyezi yakale yamasewera yomwe idafika m'tawuni yamapiri yotchuka chifukwa chakuchiritsa chifuwa chachikulu.

Kutengera kwake, kupezeka komanso machitidwe achilendo posakhalitsa zidakopa chidwi cha yemwe amayang'anira ntchitoyo mtawuniyi. Zowonjezerapo, makalata achilendo amabwera kwa munthu wamkulu yemwe, akamadutsa m'manja mwa postman wa mtawuniyi, akulemba m'malingaliro awo nkhani yakuya kwambiri ya munthu yemwe pamapeto pake amathawira kuchigwacho.

Kufupika kwa bukuli, kupsa mtima kwake, komabe, komanso malingaliro a postman omwe amasintha kukhalapo kwa chilichonse chomuzungulira amapanga chithunzi chowopsa chokhudza kupuma pantchito kwa protagonist komanso kuchepa kwa moyo m'munsi mwa mapiri.

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