3 pirt├╗k├¬n her├« ba┼č ├¬n Juan Carlos Onetti

Fireproof Juan Carlos Onetti, l├¬ k├¬leka Mario benedetti y Edward Galeano, ji Uruguay -a wan a hevpar heya Ol├«mp├╗s├¬ t├«p├¬n bi Span├« triumviratek edeb├« p├¬k b├«nin. Ji ber ku di navbera hers├¬yan de ew her ti┼čt├« vedigirin, her celebek bi pex┼čan, beyt an li ser sehney├¬.

Her ├žend her yek w├¬ ┼čop ├╗ xema vegotin├¬ ya taybet├« p├¬┼čk├¬┼č├« dike (ji bil├« et├«ket├¬n hey├« y├¬n ku li ser rasthatin├¬n her├« serp├¬hat├« y├¬n mekan an zeman ji bo yekgirtin an standard├«zekirin├¬ dixwin), di heman dem├¬ de rast e ku ┼čert ├╗ merc├¬n hevpar ├¬n sedsala 20-an li vir ├╗ wir t├¬ne kirin. ji her cure bilindb├╗n ├╗ daketin├¬n siyas├« ├╗ abor├« re li c├«hanek ku ├«┼čaret bi gerd├╗n├«b├╗n├¬ ├╗ dubarekirina gi┼čt├« ya her kr├«z├¬ dike, carinan ew ji bo ahengek temat├«k a xwezay├« xizmet kir.

M├╗c├«zeya rugr├╗g├╗ay├« ku welat├¬ van hers├¬ jenos├«dan kir heya n├«veka sedsala 29 -an wek├« ya her├« dewlemend, bi qeyrana XNUMX -an dest bi ├¬┼č├¬ kir ├╗ bi du ┼čer├¬n c├«han├« y├¬n pa┼č├«n hilwe┼čiya.

D├«ktatoriya le┼čker├« ya 70 -an di van s├¬ niv├«skaran de s├¬ deng├¬n rexnegir├« y├¬n mezin d├«tin, di gelek waran de sansur kirin ├╗ wek├« vebijarkek ten├¬ sirg├╗n kirin. N├«┼čey├¬n gir├«ng ├¬n hevbe┼č ├¬n ku di pirt├╗k├¬n w├« de n├«┼čan├¬n cih├¬reng ├¬n diyariy├¬n afir├«neriya w├«ya mezin ber bi rexne ├╗ rakirin├¬ ve didin xuyang kirin.

L├¬ Onetti bal├¬ diki┼č├«ne ser ├«st├«snayek casu├«st├«k├«. Ji ber ku ew heta beriya derbeya Boldaberry j├« pir z├¬de b├╗. Ji sala 1939-an heta wan sal├¬n 70-├«, heyama ku Onetti kar├«b├╗ berhem├¬n xwe y├¬n her├« tund biniv├«s├«ne, bi w├¬ ┼čewqa egzistansyal├«zm├¬ di nav alegoriy├¬n balk├¬┼č ji bajar├¬ w├« y├¬ dah├¬ner├«, Santa Mar├şa, ku karekter ji dever├¬n din ├¬n pir rast t├¬ne, di l├«stikek neynik├¬ de ku hindik e. niv├«skar d├¬ bi heman hostay├« dubare bikin.

3 pirt├╗k├¬n her├« p├¬┼č├«n ├¬n Juan Carlos Onetti p├¬┼čniyar kirin

Jiyana kurt

Hem├« xwendevan├¬n Onetti mezinahiya ┼čaheser, ya w├« as├«man├¬ ku ji h├¬la ├ž├«rokb├¬j ve hat├« ├žikilandin texm├«n dikin. Her ├žend ez ji gelemper├«b├╗n├¬ hez nakim, ez bawer dikim ku ez ne xelet im ku mebesta min di w├¬ ast├¬ de ye ku ├¬d├« di kar├¬n ber├¬ an pa┼č├«n de negih├«┼čtib├╗ me.

Juan Mar├şa Brausen ├╗ Stein bi peywira girtina senaryoyek f├«lim├¬ re r├╗ bi r├╗ ne. ├ç├«roka wez├«fedar d├¬ li Santa Mar├şa p├¬k were. There li wir Juan Mar├şa karekter├¬n ku div├¬ werin j├«yan├¬ bi c├«h b├«nin ├╗ daw├« li gir├¬ka d├«roka xwe b├«nin.

Little Brausen vegotina xwe h├¬d├« h├¬d├« dixe nav jiyana xwe dema ku jiyana xwe di vegotin├¬ de proje dike. Bipolar├«teya niv├«skar senaryoyek tevlihev ├╗ b├¬k├¬mas├« ├ž├¬kir.

Behaneya Santa Mar├şa ku s├╗c, dil┼čikestin ├╗ tirs├¬ di nav kolan├¬n xwe y├¬n ├ž├¬kir├« de ve┼č├¬re. Karakter├¬n ku di┼čibihe miftey├¬n ku der├« li rastiya Brausen vedikin ├╗ Brausenek ku xewn├¬n w├« dir├¬j dike ├╗ y├¬n xeyal├« veguheriye senaryoy├¬ da ku bigih├«je senaryo ├╗ jiyan├¬, m├«na w├¬ xewna kevin a d├«tina kes├¬n din ku bij├«n ├╗ k├¬f bikin bextewariya kes├¬n din, parkkirina kar├╗bar├¬n xwe di rastiy├¬ de ku b├╗ye felsefe.

Jiyana kurt

Ke┼čtiya ke┼čtiy├¬

Gava ku h├╗n bi yek├« re li ser Onetti diaxivin, ├╗ digel ku jor├«n li ser ┼čahesera ku ji mumkun├¬ pirtir e, pir xwendevan├¬n din p├¬┼č├« v├¬ romana din vedib├¬jin. Ew ├¬ ji bo c├«hana meya gewr yek ji senaryoy├¬n w├« y├¬n her├« bir├¬vebir be.

Bi rengek, b├¬h├¬v├« xuya dike ku bi├že c├«hek xeyal├« m├«na Santa Mar├şa, ku dikare di navbera bextewariy├¬ an dil┼čahiy├¬ de bibiriqe ├╗ di dawiy├¬ de heman xemg├«niy├¬ kif┼č bike.

L├¬ ev e ku, wek├« ku gelek niv├«skaran carinan ┼č├«rove dikin, xemg├«n├« ├žavkaniya her├« mezin a ├«lham├¬ ye. Hilwe┼č├«n ├╗ nostalj├«k heya ku we ne┼čik├«nin we di nav h├¬rsek afir├«ner de dih├¬lin. On Onetti di w├¬ civ├«na f├«lozofek ku ji hest├¬n her├« xemg├«n ├¬n c├«hana me re di┼čibihe serwer b├╗.

Karakter├¬n ku ji h├¬la b├¬h├¬ziya b├¬berh├¬ner ve li c├«hanek westiyay├« t├¬ne veguheztin. Ke┼čtiy├¬n ke┼čf├¬ y├¬n ku bi wijdan├¬n xwe ┼čkest├« ne, di ┼čikestin├¬ de xeniq├«n.

Ke┼čtiya ke┼čtiy├¬

Xatirxwestin

Gava ku Onetti hate ved├«tin, h├¬ja ye ku em li ser v├¬ romana kurt rawestin ku t├¬ de ti┼čtek ji hem├« rastiy├¬, ┼čahidiyek hi┼čk a niv├«skar heye. Onetti bixwe ev kar wek├« bijareya w├«, tewra j├« carinan, vegot. Div├¬ sedemek hebe.

Mesele ev e ku protagon├«st├¬ ├ž├«rok├¬ dibe ku Onetti bixwe be, ├╗ wek├« st├¬rkek werz├«┼č├¬ ya ber├¬ hat├« xeniqandin gih├«┼čt bajarek├« ├žiyay├« y├¬ ku bi taybetmendiy├¬n dermankirin├¬ y├¬n tuberkuloz├¬ navdar e.

F├«gura w├« ya taybet├«, heb├╗n ├╗ tevgera xer├«b z├╗ bala berpirsiyar├¬ post├¬ ji bo baj├¬r ki┼čand. Ji bo ku rew┼č xirabtir be, namey├¬n xer├«b t├¬ne karaktera sereke ku, dema ku di dest├¬n postevan├¬ taybet├« y├¬ baj├¬r re derbas dibin, di xeyala xwe de ├ž├«roka k├╗r a gengaz a kesayetek ku di dawiy├¬ de li w├« geliy├¬ b├¬deng digere diniv├«sin.

Kurtiya v├¬ roman├¬, leza w├¬ ya aram, l├¬bel├¬, ├╗ t├¬g├«na posteger ku heb├╗na her ti┼čt├¬ li dora xwe vediguher├«ne moza├«kek fatal├«st a der bar├¬ teqawidb├╗na protagon├«st ├╗ sekinandina jiyan├¬ ya li quntara ├žiyayan de p├¬k t├«ne.

Xatirxwestin
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