ʻO nā puke maikaʻi loa 3 na Juan Carlos Onetti

Ke kapuahi ahi ʻO Juan Carlos Onetti, ma kaʻaoʻao kokoke ʻO Mario Benedetti y ʻO Eduardo Galeano, e hana i kahi triumvirate palapala mai kā lākou Uruguay maʻamau a i ka Olympus o nā leka ma Paniolo. No ka mea ma waena o nā mea ʻekolu e uhi i nā mea āpau, nā ʻano ʻē aʻe i ka prose, ka paukū a i ʻole ma ke kahua.

ʻOiai ke hāʻawi nei kēlā me kēia i kēlā kikoʻī kikoʻī a me ka hoʻomaha ʻole o ka moʻolelo (ma waho aʻe o nā lepili huli e hānai i nā hanana nui loa o ka manawa a i ʻole ka manawa e hoʻāʻo ai e hoʻohui a kaulike paha), he ʻoiaʻiʻo nō hoʻi nā ʻano like o ke kenekulia iwakālua i kau ʻia ma aneʻi a ma laila i nā piʻi politika a me nā hoʻokele waiwai o nā ʻano like ʻole i ka honua i kuhikuhi i ka globalisation a me ka replication laulā o kēlā me kēia pilikia, lawelawe ʻia i kekahi manawa no kahi kuʻina kumuhana maoli.

ʻO ka hana mana Uruguayan i hoʻokumu i ka ʻāina o kēia mau mea akamai ʻekolu e kū i ke kūleʻa loa a hiki i ka waena o ke kenekulia 29, ua hoʻomaka e ʻeha me ka pilikia o XNUMX a ua hoʻopau ʻia me nā kaua honua ʻelua.

ʻO ka dictatorhip pūʻali koa o nā 70s i loaʻa i loko o kēia mau mea kākau ʻekolu mau leo ​​koʻikoʻi nui, i censored ʻia i nā manawa he nui a lawe pio ʻia ma ke ʻano he koho wale. Kaʻana like ʻia nā memo koʻikoʻi e hōʻike ana i kāna mau puke i nā manaʻo kūlike ʻole o kāna mau makana hana nui i ka hoʻohewa a me ka huki ʻana.

Akā kuhikuhi ʻo Onetti i kahi ʻokoʻa casuistic. No ka mea ʻoi aku ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o kāna hana ma mua o ka hoʻokahuli aupuni Boldaberry. Mai ka makahiki 1939 a hiki i nā makahiki 70 ka manawa a Onetti i hiki ai ke kākau i kāna mau hana ikaika loa, me kēlā mau mea i ʻike ʻia ma waena o nā ʻōlelo hoʻohiluhilu mai kona kūlanakauhale i haku ʻia, ʻo Santa María, kahi i hōʻea mai ai nā huapalapala mai nā wahi maoli ʻē aʻe, i kahi pāʻani o nā aniani e e hana hou kekahi mau mea kākau me ka haku like.

ʻO nā puke kiʻekiʻe e 3 a Juan Carlos Onetti i ʻōlelo ʻia

Ke ola pōkole

Manaʻo nā mea heluhelu āpau o Onetti i ka nui o ka masterpiece, o kēlā lani i palaki ʻia e ka mea haʻi moʻolelo. ʻOiai ʻaʻole wau makemake e laulā, manaʻoʻiʻo wau ʻaʻole kuhihewa wau i ka ʻimi ʻana i kēlā pae i kū ʻole i nā hana o mua a ma hope paha.

ʻO Juan María Brausen lāua ʻo Stein ke alo nei i ka hana o ke pani ʻana i kahi palapala kiʻi ʻoniʻoni. E mālama ʻia ka moʻolelo i kauoha ʻia ma Santa María. A ma laila ʻo Juan María e ʻimi nei i nā huapalapala i hiki ke ola e huli hope i ka knot o kā lākou mōʻaukala.

A hoʻohui iki ʻo Brausen i ka moʻolelo i kona ola ʻoiai ke hoʻolālā nei i kona ola i ka moʻolelo. Ua hana ka bipolarity o ka mea kākau i kahi hanana paʻakikī a piha.

ʻO ke kala a Santa María e hūnā ai i ka hala, ka puʻuwai a me ka makaʻu ma waena o nā alanui i haku ʻia. ʻO nā hāmeʻe e like me ke kī e wehe i nā puka i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo o Brausen a me kahi Brausen e hoʻonui ana i kāna mau moemoeā a lilo ka manaʻo i ka palapala e noho i nā hanana a me nā ola, e like me kēlā moeʻuhane kahiko o ka ʻike ʻana i nā poʻe ʻē aʻe e noho a leʻaleʻa. ka hauʻoli o nā poʻe ʻē aʻe, ke hoʻokau nei i kāu mau pono ponoʻī i loko o kahi moemoeā i huli maoli ʻia.

Ke ola pōkole

Ka hale moku

Ke kamaʻilio ʻoe me kekahi e pili ana iā Onetti, a me nā mea i luna aʻe e pili ana i ka mea ʻoi aku ma mua o ka hiki ke hana, he nui nā mea heluhelu ʻē aʻe e ʻōlelo i kēia puke ʻē aʻe. ʻO ia kekahi o kāna hanana i hiki ke hoʻomalu ʻia no ko mākou ao hina.

I kekahi ala, manaʻo nui ʻia e huakaʻi i kahi wahi kaʻao e like me Santa María, i hiki ke hoʻomālamalama ma waena o ka opulence a i ʻole ka hauʻoli a hopena i ka ʻike i ke kaumaha like.

Akā, ʻo ia, e like me ka ʻōlelo a nā mea kākau he nui i nā manawa, ʻo ke kaumaha ke kumu nui o ka hoʻoulu manaʻo. Mālama ka palaho a me ka nostalgia iā ʻoe i loko o kahi frenzy hanana inā ʻaʻole lākou e hoʻohaʻahaʻa iā ʻoe. A ʻo Onetti kahi haku i loko o kēlā hālāwai o kahi fiction i hana ʻia e like me nā mea kaumaha loa i ko mākou honua.

Neʻe ʻia nā hāmeʻe e ka inertia hana ʻole i ka honua pau ʻole. ʻO nā moku moku me nā leo o ka pōmaikaʻi e hou i nā consciences i hāʻule i ka eo.

Ka hale moku

ʻO ke aloha

I ka manawa i ʻike ʻia ai ʻo Onetti, he mea kūpono ke kāpae ʻana i kēia puke moʻolelo pōkole e pili ana i kahi ʻōlelo o nā ʻoiaʻiʻo āpau, kahi hōʻike koʻikoʻi a ka mea kākau. Ua wehewehe ʻo Onetti iā ia iho i kāna hana me kāna punahele, ʻoiai i kekahi manawa. Aia kekahi kumu.

ʻO ke kuhi i hiki i ka protagonist o ka moʻolelo ke lilo iā Onetti iā ia iho, a hōʻano ʻia i ke ʻano he hōkū haʻuki mua i hōʻea i kekahi kaona mauna i kaulana no nā ʻano curative tuberculosis.

ʻO kāna kiʻi kikoʻī, kona alo a me kāna ʻano ʻano ʻē i hopu koke ʻia ka manaʻo o ka mea nāna e mālama ka pou no ke kaona. ʻO ka mea i ʻoi aku ka hewa, hele mai nā leka ʻē i ka mea nui, i ka wā e hele ai i ka lima o ka luna leta kikoʻī o ke kaona, ke kākau nei i loko o ko lākou manaʻo i ka moʻolelo hohonu loa o kahi kanaka e ʻauheʻe ana i kēlā awāwa mālie.

ʻO ka pōkole o kēia puke, kona manawa mālie, akā naʻe, a me ka manaʻo o ka mea kau leta e hoʻololi nei i ke ola o nā mea āpau a puni iā ​​ia e hana i kahi mosaic fatalistic e pili ana i ka hoʻomaha loa o ka protagonist a me ka stagnation o ke ola ma ka wāwae o nā kuahiwi.

ʻO ke aloha

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