3 mau puke maikaʻi na Blasco Ibáñez

ʻO ka hāʻule ʻana o ke kenekulia XNUMX a me ka wanaʻao o ke kenekulia XNUMX i loaʻa ma ʻO Benito Pérez Galdós a iloko ʻO Vicente Blasco Ibáñez i ʻelua mau mea haʻi moʻolelo nui i hana i ka moʻolelo o ka manawa o ka nostalgia i haʻi ʻia, o ka realism (ʻoi loa i ka hihia o Galdós) akā kahi idealism hoʻi i ka ʻimi ʻana i kahi moʻolelo e pili ana i nā ʻano maʻamau a pili i ka honua me nā mea kono o ke kono i ka hoʻololi. ; e ʻimi nei i nā ʻike nalowale; i ka hōʻoia hou ʻana o ka poʻe kaulana me ka make ʻole i alakaʻi ʻia ai nā kūlana o ka mōʻaukala.

Me nā kuhikuhi kokoke o ka hanauna o '98, i alakaʻi ʻia i loko o kā lākou virulent dramatic manifestation ma Ke awāwa ʻo Inclán, Ua hoʻomaka ʻo Blasco Ibáñez i kahi ʻoihana politika i alakaʻi iā ia i ka pale ʻana i kahi repubalika āna i hānai ai mai kona wā kamaliʻi i kona hoʻokumu mua a alakaʻi iā ia i kahi kūʻē kūʻē mau i nā mea āpau i hoʻomaka ʻole mai kēlā kūlana repubalika.

Ma muli paha o ka pau ʻole o ka hoʻopuka ʻana o ka repubalika i ka forging mai kona wā kamaliʻi a hiki i kona hala ʻana, ua neʻe ʻo Vicente Blasco Ibáñez a puni ka honua i kahi huakaʻi i lawelawe iā ia e haʻi i nā moʻolelo pīhoihoi a hāʻawi i ka hōʻike e pili ana i ke ʻano exotic o nā wahi like ʻole āna i ʻike ai. .

ʻO kāna mau puke moʻomeheu (no ka mea i loko o kahi mea kākau ikaika hiki i kekahi ke kamaʻilio e pili ana i kāna puke ponoʻī) ulana nā hiʻohiʻona a me nā ʻano mai kona ʻāina Valencian kokoke loa i nā wahi ʻē aʻe, me nā humanism me ka ʻole o nā lole wela, me kēlā kūlohelohe kūlohelohe e pono ai. Kūkulu hou ʻia kahi hōʻike e pono ai i loko o ka moʻolelo fiction e pili ana i ka honua i waiho mau ʻia ka moʻolelo kūhelu, ma ke ʻano he aʻa o ka intrahistory pono.

ʻO nā puke kiʻekiʻe e 3 a Vicente Blasco Ibáñez i ʻōlelo ʻia

ʻO nā holo lio ʻehā o ka Apokalifa

I ʻike i ka mōʻaukala, pono ʻoe e heluhelu i ka moʻolelo o kēlā me kēia au. A ua kākau ʻo Vicente Blasco Ibáñez i loko o kēia puke i kāna kuanaʻike pilikino, hana paʻa loa ʻia, ma nā aka i hoʻopau ʻia e hoʻopuni ana i ka honua i loko o ke Kaua Nui.

Ke heluhelu mākou i kahi puke mōʻaukala hāʻawi ʻia mākou i nā ʻoiaʻiʻo e pono ai mākou e manaʻoʻiʻo ai, a i mea kūpono, i nā manawa he nui i kaupalena ʻia i nā mea kikoʻī. ʻO ka pepehi kanaka ʻana o ka Archduke ma ke ʻano he kolohe i ka Austrian Empire, ka Triple Entente a me nā Central Central.

Akā ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka manaʻo e hoʻokokoke i nā mea kiʻekiʻe e like me Desnoyers a me Hartrott, ʻo kēlā me kēia ʻaoʻao o kāna ʻaoʻao a komo i loko o ka pupule o ka make ʻana o kekahi i kekahi me ka pahu o ka ʻohana.

ʻO nā mea maopopo loa o kā mākou lāhui ka manaʻo a me ka naʻau i haʻi ʻia e ka poʻe i ola iā lākou, a me nā manaʻo i hāʻawi ʻia e Blasco Ibáñez i kēia mau huapalapala i alakaʻi ʻia i ko lākou ʻike ākea ākea.

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Ka halekoa

Ua hoʻomanaʻo mau wau, i koʻu hoʻomaka ʻana e heluhelu i kēia puke, o nā kīwī i hana ʻia no ka puke. I kēlā manawa ua hāʻawi ʻia iaʻu ka manaʻo o ke ʻano he moʻo i neʻe ʻole i mua, me ka nui o ke kukui o ke Kaiwaenahonua a me nā kamaʻilio he nui mai nā ʻōiwi o ia wahi, kekahi mau kuhikuhi e pili ana i ka nohona mahiʻai a me nā mea ʻē aʻe.

I nā makahiki he nui ma hope ke heluhelu au i ka puke, ua ʻike wau i kahi mamao loa mai iā mākou iho i ka hala ʻana o ka manawa. I loko o kēlā ʻano e like me ke kamaliʻi, ʻike wau i ka vertigo o kahi hulu e alakaʻi iā ʻoe i ka honua kikoʻī o kahi Sepania mālie, komo i loko o kāna kuleana, hoʻolaʻa ʻia i ka kaumaha a hiki ʻole ke wehe i ka honua.

ʻIke ʻia ka pōʻino ma kēia puke me he mea lā ka make i hoʻolaha ʻia ma waena o nā kuko a hiki ʻole ke hoʻopio ʻia.

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ʻOhe a me ka lepo

Mahalo i ka ninaninau ʻana o Blasco Ibáñez i kāna kamaʻāina ʻo Valencia, ua hoʻopulu ʻia ka hapalua o Sepania i ka ʻono paʻakai o ke kai Levantine kahi e ʻike ʻole ai nā mea make ʻole e like me Cañas y Barro iā mākou i kā lākou kūpili ʻana i ka loko kai kupua.

ʻO Tonet kahi ʻōpio i kahiko ʻia e kēlā fatalism i hoʻoilina ʻia mai nā mākua disenchanted. ʻO ka decadence hope loa o ka ʻohana Dove i hōʻike ʻia me kahi ʻano lahilahi o ka hana ʻino, decadence pono a me ka hoʻopaʻi.

ʻO Los Palomas, kahi saga ʻohana mohai nāna i hoʻouna i kāna keikikāne hope loa ʻo Tonet i ke kaua ma Cuba e kū i ka ulia pōpilikia o nā kuko e pau ai ka pīpī ʻana i nā poʻe a pau o ia wahi.

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